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A short background on DepEd Order 42, s. 2016 or the Policy Guidelines on Daily Lesson Preparation for the K to 12 Basic Education Program.
The new guidelines seek to enable teachers to deliver quality instruction based on the principle of sound instructional planning. They also seek to help teachers come to their classes prepared. The guidelines have also reduced the number of years teachers are required to prepare a Detailed Lesson Plan (DLP) from two years to just a year, particularly for newly-hired teachers or teachers who join DepEd without any professional teaching experience. After a year in the service, teachers are only required to fill out a Daily Lesson Log (DLL). Moreover, the guidelines also allow teachers to prepare lessons collaboratively and encourage seasoned or veteran teachers to mentor novice teachers in preparing for daily lessons.
The DepEd understands that part of the concerns of teachers regarding the DLL is its new format. In this regard, the DepEd wishes to assure teachers and the public that the new DLL format was created with the best interests of teachers in mind. The new DLL format is simply meant as a planning tool for teachers in terms of budgeting time and choosing the most appropriate activities and assessment strategies to ensure that learners meet the competencies targeted in each lesson. It is meant as a tool to help teachers deliver lessons more effectively each time they step in front of their class.
Research has shown that a common trait that effective teachers share is planning, preparing for, and reflecting on their teaching. The DepEd Order was issued to accompany the changes in the curriculum, and changes in the curriculum also require greater capacity in teaching. The DepEd is committed to ensure that its teachers are not only effective but also capable of delivering quality instruction on a daily basis.
That said, DepEd Secretary Leonor Magtolis Briones would like to reiterate that while she has not made a decision on the appeal to recall the policy, she is open to a discussion of it. She also commits to consultation with all parties concerned—from within the DepEd and other stakeholders—before any policy determination is made.
In line with the implementation of Republic Act (RA) No. 10533 or the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, the Department of Education (DepEd) issues the Policy Guidelines on Daily Lesson Preparation for the K to 12 Basic Education Program.
These guidelines also aim to empower teachers to carry out quality instruction that recognizes the diversity of learners inside the classroom, is committed to learners’ success, allows the use of varied instructional and formative assessment strategies including the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs). and enables the teacher to guide, mentor, and support learners in developing and assessing their learning across the curriculum.
K-12 Daily Lesson Log (DLL) is a template teachers from DepEd use to log parts of their daily lesson. The Daily Lesson Log covers a day’s or a week’s worth of lessons and contains the following parts:
- Objectives: This part of the DLL includes objectives related to content knowledge and competencies. The lesson objectives describe the behavior or performance teachers want learners to exhibit in order to consider them competent. The objectives state what the teacher intends to teach and serve as a guide for instruction and assessment.
- Content: The topic or subject matter pertains to the particular content that the lesson focuses on.
- Learning Resources: This part of the DLL asks teachers to log the references and other learning resources that the teacher will use for the lesson. The references include the particular pages of the TG, LM, textbook, and the additional materials from the LRMDS portal.
- Procedures: This part of the DLL contains ten (10) parts including:
- a) reviewing previous lesson/s or presenting the new lesson. This part connects the lesson with learners’ prior knowledge. It explicitly teaches the learners how the new lesson connects to previous lessons.
- b) establishing a purpose for the lesson will motivate the learner to learn the new lesson. It encourages them to ask questions about the new topic and helps establish a reason for learning the new lesson;
- c) presenting examples/instances of the new shows instances of the content and competencies. This is also where the concepts are clarified;
- d) discussing new concepts leads to the first formative assessment. Teachers shall prepare good questions for this part. The teacher will listen to the answers of learners to gauge if they understood the lesson. If not, then they re-teach. If the learners have understood the lesson, the teacher shall proceed to deepening the lesson;
- e) continuation of the discussion of new concepts leading to the second formative assessment that deepens the lesson and shows learners new ways of applying learning. The teacher can use pair, group, and team work to help learners discuss the lesson among themselves.
- f) developing mastery, which leads to the third formative assessment, can be done through more individual work activities such as writing, creative ways of representing learning, dramatizing, etc. The teacher shall ask learners to demonstrate their learning through assessable activities such as quizzes, worksheets, seat work, and games.
- g) finding practical applications of concepts and skills in daily living which can develop appreciation and valuing for students’ learning by bridging the lesson to daily living. This will also establish relevance in the lesson;
- h) making generalizations and abstractions about the lesson will conclude the lesson by asking learners good questions that will help them crystallize their learning so they can declare knowledge and demonstrate their skills;
- i) evaluating learning is a way of assessing the learners and whether the learning objectives have been met. Evaluation should tap into the three types of objectives; and
- j) additional activities for application or remediation will be based on the formative assessments and will provide children with enrichment or remedial activities. The teacher should provide extra time for additional teaching activities to those learners demonstrating that they have difficulties with the lesson.
- Remarks: This is a part of the DLL in which teachers shall indicate special cases including but not limited to continuation of lesson plan to the following day in case of re-teaching or lack of time, transfer of lesson to the following day in cases of class suspension, etc.
- Reflection: This part of the DLL requires teachers to reflect on and assess their effectiveness. In this part of the DLL, the teacher should make notes on the number of learners who earned 80% in the evaluation, the number of learners who require additional activities for remediation and those who continue to require remediation, the effectiveness of the remedial lesson, the teaching strategies or methods that worked well and why, and the difficulties teachers encountered that their principal or supervisor can help solve.
Source: Department of Education
DLL UPDATE | Week 8 – 4th Quarter – Daily Lesson Log (DLL) (Mar. 5 – Mar. 9)
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